Meditation, Brain Waves & Altered States of Consciousness
Meditation has been practiced in varied styles and traditions for thousands of years. Practitioners have always been aware of the benefits of regular participation, as written through the ages. Today, much scientific research exists aiming to understand the physiological mechanisms and make tangible the outcomes of such practices.
Aside from the well-documented psychological base and other more tangible health benefits, research has also focused on the modifications in brain function reported in those who meditate. This review attempts to consolidate the current literature to elucidate underlying neuronal mechanisms and brainwave states, as well as better understand the scope of different lineages of practice through the ages.